Develop a rich Language Curriculum for 2 to 3 year olds:
Meet and greet: make a routine of saying good morning to each and every child, encourage putting belongings in their correct spots, encourage them helping each other, be observant. “I see Sarah needs help with her zip, you are good at that Pete could you help her please? and they will model their behaviour on yours.
A turn to share news, encourage other children to really listen and ask questions, chat about the weather and the day, change the chart, talk about jobs today, a couple of song requests or sing along,
Read books. A short story, read the book through without interruption and then you could discuss it, point out things in the book to encourage language “can you find the duck? “I wonder what the dog is doing?” “is the boy running fast?” etc.
Create an awareness of language,
Offer a variety of language orientated materials, for example simple floor and table alphabet puzzles, picture puzzles with appropriate (real pictures not cartoons).
Story sequence picture cards with a beginning middle and end. Group picture cards or objects Mother/child,baby etc.
Objects and/or picture cards for pairing and sorting, grouped in baskets for a variety of every day topics: the weather, families, animals (wild,domestic and farm) animals that live in water, on land. Things from a kitchen, a bathroom, a bedroom. Endless opportunity for this.
Have picture noun cards that can be matched with the “thing” in the classroom for example a picture of a shelf, a mat, a book etc. Mount them on black card, for later noun work.
Encourage making music with instruments, name the instruments and the movement, “let’s tap on the drum and tiptoe like a mouse” “let’s tap quicker on the drum and gallop like horse” ” lets bang on the drum slowly and move like an elephant” “I wonder what there rain sounds like?” and have tinkling bells, or a rain stick. and of course all the wonderful songs with large and small motor movements.
Movement and exercise can come with a story, for example, swing down and as you slowly reach up high with both arms to that point high above your head,slowly climb up, up, up to the top of the helper skelter, tick tick tick up you go, then woooshhh down you go back to having you arms hanging between your legs. Encourage participation, laughter and repetition of your words. Invent stories for movements.
Read a story, say The very hungry caterpillar, and act it out, each child has their bit or you can all do it together. Munch away.
Offer a corner with role play activities.
Encourage interaction, communication and language use, talk to a child normaly ( no need to simplify or put on a baby voice) answer questions factually and clearly. “gosh, this taco is crunchy”
Participate with the children, get in the sand box and explore with them chat, notice and comment. Explore language.
Encourage independence, explain how to unroll their bed, how to make it, how to get comfortable, how they will be fine and why they are having a nap. Read a story to add a calming routine to the process. Use language. Apply the same to getting up.
Make a point of saying goodbye, make a comment on their day, make a point of saying you are looking forward to seeing them tomorrow..make it a daily routine. “see you tomorrow!”
Establish, in your daily routine for this age group, rich language use and language repetition.
Empower the Child.